Let Afi and Zozo tell you about how genes play a role in type 1 diabetes

Did you know?

Genetics- genetics are when a parent passes certain genes (DNA) to their children.  Every child inherits genes from both of their parents and these genes turn into specific characteristics that the child has.  Genes give the body instructions to build parts of the body and do the work that keeps you alive. Genes are what make you unique, half come from your mom and half from your dad

Immune System- This system is made up of a network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to protect the body.  White blood cells seek out and destroy disease-causing organisms or substances. These white blood cells circulate throughout the body between organs and nodes through lymphatic vessels and blood vessels.

Autoimmune disease- When the immune system accidentally attacks your own body.  In the case of type 2 diabetes the body immune system mistakenly recognizes insulin as a disease and it attacks insulin, destroying it.  This is bad because insulin is very important for the body.

Insulin- produced in the pancreas, this hormone regulates the amount of glucose in the blood.  Glucose must be taken up by cells in order for the cell to perform processes which help your body function.  Without insulin, the cells cannot take in any glucose.

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